Today, many varieties of Crimean peaches are known. They are characterized by early, middle or late ripening. Crops differ in size, color and taste characteristics of fruits. This allows gardeners to choose the best option. To achieve good results in growing peaches, you need to strictly adhere to the necessary agrotechnical measures.
Features of Crimean peaches
Peach is a leading stone fruit plant that is often found in the foothills and center of Crimea. The best specimens can be found at Tarkhankut.
Crimean peaches are undersized trees. Therefore, they are easily damaged by frost and cold winds. In the soil, which is characterized by close occurrence of limestone, the life of trees does not exceed 5-10 years. The best plants are found in regions with light sandy soil and good wind protection.
The main merits in the distribution of peach trees belong to the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. Also in the Crimea, crops of foreign selection are actively grown - American, Italian, Canadian.
Early maturing varieties
Such crops yield quickly. The peak of fruiting occurs 4-5 years after planting. The characteristic features of early trees include the following:
- low height and spreading crown;
- bloom in April or May;
- fruiting from July to August.
This tree is characterized by a spherical crown. The culture is considered self-fertile. Fruits reach 155 grams and are characterized by light juicy pulp. The variety is resistant to diseases and dry weather.
This is an American tree that gives a bountiful harvest. Fruit weight reaches 170 grams. They are characterized by an elongated shape and light orange flesh. Fruiting begins in August. The tree easily copes with drought, but is characterized by an average resistance to frost and disease.
Ripening begins in July. Fruits reach 100 grams and are characterized by juicy and aromatic pulp. The variety is not resistant to frost. Moreover, even after being damaged by low temperatures, he is able to recover in 1-2 years.
This is an Italian tree. It is characterized by early ripening and a high rate of development - shoots grow up to 0.5 meters per season. Fruit weight is 150 grams. Up to 40 kilograms of fruit can be obtained from a tree. The variety is characterized by resistance to diseases, but hardly tolerates frosts.
The following are considered the characteristic features of peaches:
- high trunk and spreading crown;
- high productivity;
- frost resistance;
- great fruits.
There are many varieties with an average ripening period. Trees are easy to care for. The crop can be harvested 3-4 months after the beginning of flowering.
It is a Canadian plant that produces a bountiful harvest and does not suffer from frost. The fruits reach 130 grams. The crop can be harvested 3 years after planting. Fruits have good taste characteristics. They are easily transported and practically not susceptible to disease.
This is a popular hybrid. It is characterized by small fruits reaching 90 grams. The harvest begins in early September. This can be done 2-3 years after planting. The fruits are yellow and juicy. The variety is not prone to curliness. Also, the tree does not suffer from powdery mildew.
This variety is considered the most frost-resistant. Even when severely damaged by low temperatures, the plant is able to recover. The fruit is characterized by a sweet white pulp with a slight sourness. The culture is characterized by disease resistance.
The description indicates that the culture was bred in the Nikitsky Garden. The tree is characterized by large fruits reaching 180 grams. The fruits are sweet and slightly sour. The culture blooms late enough. This avoids the threat of recurrent frosts and increases yields.
It is an American variety that produces a stable crop. Large fruits are distinguished by their spherical shape and golden skin. Inside there is an orange pulp with a great taste. The culture does not suffer from frost and fungal infections.
This is a relatively new plant. It is characterized by high yield parameters and excellent frost resistance. There is a small bone inside. Peaches are easy to transport but cannot be stored for long.
This peach has excellent taste. According to the international scale, the fruits received the highest score - 5. Fruits are distinguished by impressive sizes - up to 150 grams. They are characterized by a rounded, slightly flattened shape. Fruits are resistant to disease. In this case, the fruits may suffer from recurrent frosts.
Planting the plant should be away from water. At the same time, so that the place is calm. It is best to grow the crop near a fence or wall.
This variety can be chosen by those who like large peaches. Fruits weigh up to 150 grams. They are characterized by a sweet taste with a slight sourness. The culture is considered to be very productive. So that the fruits do not break the branches, they should be picked in time.
The variety is characterized by high resistance to powdery mildew and curliness. The tree easily tolerates frost. A distinctive feature is the high need for fertilizers. Such trees need to be systematically watered and pruned on time. Proper care will be the key to a good harvest.
This is a domestic selection that easily adapts to climatic conditions. The culture is characterized by resistance to low temperatures, dry weather, and diseases. Large fruits reach 200 grams. The crop is allowed to be grown in areas with cool climates.
Ambassador of Peace
This is a young variety with high yields and large fruits. The fruit weighs 160 grams. Peaches are characterized by a saffron shade and a rich blush. Inside there is a juicy sweet pulp. The tree is not susceptible to spring frosts and fungi.
It is a tall tree that reaches 5 meters. It is characterized by high parameters of drought resistance. The culture is able to withstand frosts down to -25 degrees. Flowering starts late enough. The tree is resistant to powdery mildew and clotterosporia. However, it often suffers from curliness.
It is an American variety that produces juicy and large fruits. Fruits reach 300 grams. Inside there is a bright yellow pulp and sweet and sour taste. Ripening begins in the second half of July. Peaches are easy to transport.
Peaches can be stored for a maximum of 12 days. The tree is characterized by high parameters of frost resistance. The culture is able to withstand temperatures as low as -27 degrees. The tree is characterized by a spreading crown, which makes it difficult to care for it.
This culture was bred in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. It is appreciated for its long shelf life and excellent transportability. The plant is resistant to disease. Fruits reach 130 grams and have a juicy pulp.
This variety is characterized by a high yield. The culture was developed for the climate of the Stavropol Territory. Peaches are impressive in size and weigh 140 grams. The fruits begin to ripen in mid-August and are distinguished by tender pulp.
The culture needs light soil. It is recommended to moisturize it with high quality. Of no small importance is given to full-fledged heating and ventilation. Peach can hardly stand drought. The benefits include resistance to frost and disease.
These varieties are distinguished by excellent taste and good shelf life. It will be possible to harvest from such trees only 5 years after planting. It is permissible to grow them exclusively in the south. In other areas, the fruits do not have time to ripen.
This is an American variety that can tolerate frosts down to -29 degrees. The plant is characterized by large orange fruits. The fruit weighs 300 grams. The tree does not need any special care. Harvested in September. The fruits are allowed to be stored for a maximum of a week.
This variety was bred by Dagestan breeders. The crop is considered early-growing and has good frost resistance. The tree has a strong immune system and ripens at the end of September. The fruits reach 160 grams and are characterized by a flattened shape.
This is a fast-growing culture that was bred by American scientists. The tree is characterized by a spreading crown and large fruits. The fruit weighs 150 grams. The variety is considered to be high yielding. The tree is resistant to frost and strong immunity.
This variety is considered to be high yielding. It was brought out by Dagestani scientists. The fruits are medium in size and weigh 120-160 grams. Maturation occurs in September. The fruits are easily transported. It is recommended to store them for no more than 10 days..
This variety is characterized by medium-sized fruits. Their weight does not exceed 130 grams. Peaches have good taste and are ideal for preservation.
This crop is frost-resistant and produces large fruits. The tree has a stable yield and excellent disease resistance.
Champions of frost resistance
Initially, peaches are considered heat-loving plants. However, today breeders have developed many varieties that can withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees.
This is a mid-early crop that easily tolerates frost and is resistant to most diseases. The fruits are large in size and reach 250 grams.
It is one of the most famous varieties in this category. The plant is able to withstand frosts down to -30 degrees.
This is an early variety of Russian selection. The culture normally perceives frosts down to -30 degrees. She is not afraid of powdery mildew or curly. The fruits are medium in size and weigh 130 grams.
This is a culture of Ukrainian selection, which is capable of withstanding a temperature drop down to -40 degrees. The tree gives an excellent harvest and large fruits weighing 200 grams.
The specifics of growing and care
It is recommended to grow peaches in Crimea in loose soil. The soil should be sandy loam or loamy. The culture does not tolerate soil salinization well.
It is recommended to water the trees 4-5 times a year. To improve the properties of the soil, it is recommended to plow the aisles in autumn. Also, be sure to dig up the trunk circles.
Peach is a popular crop that is actively grown in Crimea. To achieve good results, it is advisable to select the right variety of this plant. Implementation of agrotechnical measures is of great importance.